Scientific and Production Journal. Published since 1956

УДК 612.015.3:636.22/.28+636.22/.28.084.51+636.22/.28.087.7/.8

DOI 10.33943/MMS.2019.1.31281

METABOLISM AND PRODUCTIVITY OF FRESH COWS WHEN USING POLYOXYLING POLYSILICATE HYDROGEL (р. 20—25)

CHABAEV M.G., TSIS E.Yu., MALINOWSKI D.V., NEKRASOV R.V. L.K. Ernst Federal Science Center for Animal Husbandry
OHANOV V.V., SOTNICHENKO A.I.
Research-And-Production Center 'Fox & Co'

Feeding cows in period of milking synthetic polyoxyling polysilicate hydrogel (SPPH) in the amount of 100 g per 1 head per day contributed to increasing the average daily milk yield natural and basis milk fat by 7.74 and 16.0%, respectively, and cost reduction of metabolizable energy, dry matter, crude protein, concentrates of 1 kg of milk basis of fat content is 13.0 to 13.6% in comparison with analogues from control group. The use of SPPH contributed to a decrease in the number of somatic cells in cow milk by 27.2% and an increase in fat and protein by 0.28 and 0.07% compared with the control. Bactericidal and lysozyme activity of blood of cows of the control and experimental groups at the end of the experiment were almost at the same level and amounted, respectively, 68.59 and 67.03% and 0.31 and 0.30 µg / ml. The indicator of blood phagocytic activity in animals of the experimental group was 51.57%, which was higher than the control, respectively, by 4.78%. The positive influence of SPPH on cicatricial digestion of highly productive cows. Amylolytic activity of the rumen microflora in the experimental group of animals was higher by 0.47 U/ml Total number of bacterias and protozoans in scar contents of the experimental cows was on the same level and amounted to an average of 191.00—214,50 and of 165.00—183,67 mg/100 ml scar content, respectively. Additional profit from the sale of milk of cows of the experimental group over the period of experiment was equal to 3258,72 RUB on the head relative to the control.

Key words: polyoxyling polysilicate hydrogel, cows, milk yield, somatic cells, scar microflora, bactericidal, lysozyme and phagocytic activity of blood, profit.

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